DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial.
INTERVENTION: Patients aged 65 or above edentate for a minimum of five years, with sufficient bone for two implants in the anterior mandible, were recruited. Those with systemic disease that contraindicated implants or had a low mini-mental state evaluation score were excluded. Patients in both groups had a standard maxillary complete denture fabricated. Patients randomised to the treatment group received a two-implant mandibular overdenture while those in the control group received a standard mandibular complete denture. Three 24-hour dietary recalls were collected by telephone interviews at baseline and at 12 months.
RESULTS: 255 patients were randomised: 128 received a standard complete denture (CD) and 127 a two-implant mandibular overdenture (IOD). 127 patients were available at 12-month follow up, 114 in the CD group and 103 in the IOD group. No significant between-group differences were found.
CONCLUSIONS: Although there is much evidence supporting the adoption of two-implant mandibular overdenture (IOD) treatment as the standard of care for edentate patients, this evidence does not include an improvement in dietary intake at one year for medically healthy independent edentate elders when given no specific dietary counselling.