Impulsivity as a predictor of newly diagnosed depression

N. Grano, L. Keltikangas-Jarvinen, Anne Kouvonen, M. Virtanen, M. Elovainio, J. Vahtera, M. Kivimaki

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    43 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Depression is a severe mental disorder, whose onset has been related to environmental, genetic and personality factors. This study examined the association between impulsivity and incidence of depression. Logistic regression models were related to prospective data from two surveys (2-year time lag) conducted in a large cohort of hospital employees (N = 4,505). Only respondents with no history of depression at baseline were included. Impulsivity was predictive of the onset of depression (OR = 1.95, CI 95% = 1.28-2.97) after adjustment for age, sex and education. This association remained statistically significant after additional adjustment for a variety of baseline characteristics, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and size of social network. A measure of mental distress (GHQ-12 responses), which may serve as a proxy measure for undiagnosed depression, was also associated with impulsivity. Impulsivity appears to be a distinct personality factor that may contribute to the onset of depressive illness in adults.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)173-179
    Number of pages7
    JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
    Volume48
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychology(all)

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