Scanning probe microscopy methods have been used to electrodeposit and cycle micron-scale Li anodes deposited electrochemically under nanofabricated Au current collectors. An average Li volume of 5 x 10(8) nm(3) was deposited and cycled with 100% coulombic efficiency for similar to 160 cycles. Integrated charge/discharge values agree with before/after topography, as well as in situ dilatometry, suggesting this is a reliable method to study solid-state electrochemical processes. In this work we illustrate the possibility to deposit highly cyclable nanometer thick Li electrodes by mature SPM and nanofab techniques which can pave the way for inexpensive nanoscale battery arrays.
- LITHIUM-ION BATTERY
- OXYGEN REDUCTION/EVOLUTION REACTIONS
- THIN-FILM LITHIUM