Because of the abuse of antibiotics, clinical strains began to become more drug-resistant. Their evolution has long surpassed the speed of us looking for a new generation of antibacterial drugs. Therefore, it is urgent to discover a new antimicrobial substance to alleviate the pressure on conventional antibiotics. Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are known for their significant activity towards a broad spectrum of bacteria, protozoa, yeasts, filamentous fungi. Here, we report a novel AMP named Dermaseptin-TO. Results demonstrate that Dermaseptin-TO can quickly exhibit antimicrobial activity to bacteria and yeast in a dose-related way. The highest minimum inhibit concentration (MIC) was observed in the E.faecalis group (128μM). Also, haemolytic outcomes showed no more than 10.65 % of red blood cells were affected when in the same concentrations or below. Besides, Dermaseptin‐TO also showed anticancer activity at a higher concentration. From the above, evidence proved that Phyllomedusine frog skin secretion is still a rich source that contains novel AMP and Dermaseptin-TO is competent to become an antimicrobial agent, its anticancer activity may broaden the way in basic cancer research. Also, following the same templates in molecular cloning may acquire new AMP classes with potent antimicrobial effects that could widen drug design in new anti-infective drugs.
- Amphibian; Dermaseptins; Antimicrobial peptides; Anticancer peptides; Molecular cloning