Incidence, determinants and outcome of chronic kidney disease after adult heart transplantation in the United Kingdom

H.L. Thomas, N.R. Banner, C.L. Murphy, R. Steenkamp, R. Birch, Damian Fogarty, R.S. Bonser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Background: We investigated the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United Kingdom heart transplant population, identified risk factors for the development of CKD, and assessed the impact of CKD on subsequent survival.

Methods: Data from the UK Cardiothoracic Transplant Audit and UK Renal Registry were linked for 1732 adult heart transplantations, 1996 to 2007. Factors influencing time to CKD, defined as National Kidney Foundation CKD stage 4 or 5 or preemptive kidney transplantation, were identified using a Cox proportional hazards model. The effects of distinct CKD stages on survival were evaluated using time-dependent covariates.

Results: A total of 3% of patients had CKD at transplantation, 11% at 1-year and more than 15% at 6 years posttransplantation and beyond. Earlier transplantations, shorter ischemia times, female, older, hepatitis C virus positive, and diabetic recipients were at increased risk of developing CKD, along with those with impaired renal function pretransplantation or early posttransplantation. Significant differences between transplantation centers were also observed. The risk of death was significantly higher for patients at CKD stage 4, stage 5 (excluding dialysis), or on dialysis, compared with equivalent patients surviving to the same time point with CKD stage 3 or lower (hazard ratios of 1.66, 8.54, and 4.07, respectively).

Conclusions: CKD is a common complication of heart transplantation in the UK, and several risk factors identified in other studies are also relevant in this population. By linking national heart transplantation and renal data, we have determined the impact of CKD stage and dialysis treatment on subsequent survival in heart transplant recipients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1151–1157
Number of pages7
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


Dive into the research topics of 'Incidence, determinants and outcome of chronic kidney disease after adult heart transplantation in the United Kingdom'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this