Indications for an influence of hot Jupiters on the rotation and activity of their host stars

K. Poppenhaeger, S. J. Wolk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context. The magnetic activity of planet-hosting stars is an importantfactor for estimating the atmospheric stability of close-in exoplanetsand the age of their host stars. It has long been speculated thatclose-in exoplanets can influence the stellar activity level. However,testing for tidal or magnetic interaction effects in samples ofplanet-hosting stars is difficult because stellar activity hindersexoplanet detection, so that stellar samples with detected exoplanetsshow a bias toward low activity for small exoplanets.

Aims: Weaim to test whether exoplanets in close orbits influence the stellarrotation and magnetic activity of their host stars.

Methods: Wedeveloped a novel approach to test for systematic activity-enhancementsin planet-hosting stars. We use wide (several 100 AU) binary systems inwhich one of the stellar components is known to have an exoplanet, whilethe second stellar component does not have a detected planet andtherefore acts as a negative control. We use the stellar coronal X-rayemission as an observational proxy for magnetic activity and analyzeobservations performed with Chandra and XMM-Newton.

Results: Wefind that in two systems for which strong tidal interaction can beexpected the planet-hosting primary displays a much higher magneticactivity level than the planet-free secondary. In three systems forwhich weaker tidal interaction can be expected the activity levels ofthe two stellar components agree with each other.

Conclusions:Our observations indicate that the presence of Hot Jupiters may inhibitthe spin-down of host stars with thick outer convective layers. Possiblecauses for this effect include a transfer of angular momentum from theplanetary orbit to the stellar rotation through tidal interaction, ordifferences during the early evolution of the system, where the hoststar may decouple from the protoplanetary disk early because of a gapopened by the forming Hot Jupiter.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberL1
Number of pages5
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume565
Early online date29 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

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Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter
indication
planet
planets
extrasolar planets
stars
stellar activity
interactions
orbits
hot working
stellar rotation
protoplanetary disks
angular momentum
XMM-Newton telescope
newton
estimating
effect
test

Keywords

  • stars: activity
  • stars: coronae
  • planet-star interactions
  • X-rays: stars
  • binaries: general

Cite this

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title = "Indications for an influence of hot Jupiters on the rotation and activity of their host stars",
abstract = "Context. The magnetic activity of planet-hosting stars is an importantfactor for estimating the atmospheric stability of close-in exoplanetsand the age of their host stars. It has long been speculated thatclose-in exoplanets can influence the stellar activity level. However,testing for tidal or magnetic interaction effects in samples ofplanet-hosting stars is difficult because stellar activity hindersexoplanet detection, so that stellar samples with detected exoplanetsshow a bias toward low activity for small exoplanets. Aims: Weaim to test whether exoplanets in close orbits influence the stellarrotation and magnetic activity of their host stars. Methods: Wedeveloped a novel approach to test for systematic activity-enhancementsin planet-hosting stars. We use wide (several 100 AU) binary systems inwhich one of the stellar components is known to have an exoplanet, whilethe second stellar component does not have a detected planet andtherefore acts as a negative control. We use the stellar coronal X-rayemission as an observational proxy for magnetic activity and analyzeobservations performed with Chandra and XMM-Newton. Results: Wefind that in two systems for which strong tidal interaction can beexpected the planet-hosting primary displays a much higher magneticactivity level than the planet-free secondary. In three systems forwhich weaker tidal interaction can be expected the activity levels ofthe two stellar components agree with each other. Conclusions:Our observations indicate that the presence of Hot Jupiters may inhibitthe spin-down of host stars with thick outer convective layers. Possiblecauses for this effect include a transfer of angular momentum from theplanetary orbit to the stellar rotation through tidal interaction, ordifferences during the early evolution of the system, where the hoststar may decouple from the protoplanetary disk early because of a gapopened by the forming Hot Jupiter.",
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doi = "10.1051/0004-6361/201423454",
language = "English",
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Indications for an influence of hot Jupiters on the rotation and activity of their host stars. / Poppenhaeger, K.; Wolk, S. J.

In: Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 565, L1, 05.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Indications for an influence of hot Jupiters on the rotation and activity of their host stars

AU - Poppenhaeger, K.

AU - Wolk, S. J.

PY - 2014/5

Y1 - 2014/5

N2 - Context. The magnetic activity of planet-hosting stars is an importantfactor for estimating the atmospheric stability of close-in exoplanetsand the age of their host stars. It has long been speculated thatclose-in exoplanets can influence the stellar activity level. However,testing for tidal or magnetic interaction effects in samples ofplanet-hosting stars is difficult because stellar activity hindersexoplanet detection, so that stellar samples with detected exoplanetsshow a bias toward low activity for small exoplanets. Aims: Weaim to test whether exoplanets in close orbits influence the stellarrotation and magnetic activity of their host stars. Methods: Wedeveloped a novel approach to test for systematic activity-enhancementsin planet-hosting stars. We use wide (several 100 AU) binary systems inwhich one of the stellar components is known to have an exoplanet, whilethe second stellar component does not have a detected planet andtherefore acts as a negative control. We use the stellar coronal X-rayemission as an observational proxy for magnetic activity and analyzeobservations performed with Chandra and XMM-Newton. Results: Wefind that in two systems for which strong tidal interaction can beexpected the planet-hosting primary displays a much higher magneticactivity level than the planet-free secondary. In three systems forwhich weaker tidal interaction can be expected the activity levels ofthe two stellar components agree with each other. Conclusions:Our observations indicate that the presence of Hot Jupiters may inhibitthe spin-down of host stars with thick outer convective layers. Possiblecauses for this effect include a transfer of angular momentum from theplanetary orbit to the stellar rotation through tidal interaction, ordifferences during the early evolution of the system, where the hoststar may decouple from the protoplanetary disk early because of a gapopened by the forming Hot Jupiter.

AB - Context. The magnetic activity of planet-hosting stars is an importantfactor for estimating the atmospheric stability of close-in exoplanetsand the age of their host stars. It has long been speculated thatclose-in exoplanets can influence the stellar activity level. However,testing for tidal or magnetic interaction effects in samples ofplanet-hosting stars is difficult because stellar activity hindersexoplanet detection, so that stellar samples with detected exoplanetsshow a bias toward low activity for small exoplanets. Aims: Weaim to test whether exoplanets in close orbits influence the stellarrotation and magnetic activity of their host stars. Methods: Wedeveloped a novel approach to test for systematic activity-enhancementsin planet-hosting stars. We use wide (several 100 AU) binary systems inwhich one of the stellar components is known to have an exoplanet, whilethe second stellar component does not have a detected planet andtherefore acts as a negative control. We use the stellar coronal X-rayemission as an observational proxy for magnetic activity and analyzeobservations performed with Chandra and XMM-Newton. Results: Wefind that in two systems for which strong tidal interaction can beexpected the planet-hosting primary displays a much higher magneticactivity level than the planet-free secondary. In three systems forwhich weaker tidal interaction can be expected the activity levels ofthe two stellar components agree with each other. Conclusions:Our observations indicate that the presence of Hot Jupiters may inhibitthe spin-down of host stars with thick outer convective layers. Possiblecauses for this effect include a transfer of angular momentum from theplanetary orbit to the stellar rotation through tidal interaction, ordifferences during the early evolution of the system, where the hoststar may decouple from the protoplanetary disk early because of a gapopened by the forming Hot Jupiter.

KW - stars: activity

KW - stars: coronae

KW - planet-star interactions

KW - X-rays: stars

KW - binaries: general

U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201423454

DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201423454

M3 - Article

VL - 565

JO - Astronomy and Astrophysics

JF - Astronomy and Astrophysics

SN - 0004-6361

M1 - L1

ER -