Individual Differences in Children’s Paths to Arithmetical Development

Julie-Ann Jordan, Judith Wylie, Gerry Mulhern

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

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Cross-sectional and longitudinal data consistently indicate that mathematical difficulties are more prevalent in older than in younger children (e.g. Department of Education, 2011). Children’s trajectories can take a variety of shapes such as linear, flat, curvilinear and uneven, and shape has been found to vary within children and across tasks (J Jordan et al. 2009). There has been an increase in the use of statistical methods which are specifically designed to study development, and this has greatly improved our understanding of children’s mathematical development. However, the effects of many cognitive and social variables (e.g. working memory and verbal ability) on mathematical development are unclear. It is likely that greater consistency between studies will be achieved by adopting a componential approach to study mathematics, rather than treating mathematics as a unitary concept.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition
EditorsRoi Cohen Kadosh, Ann Dowker
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)978-0-19-964234-2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015


  • individual differences
  • children
  • development
  • componential


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