Individual Differences in Infant Fixation Duration relate to Attention and Behavioral Control in Childhood.

Kostas A. Papageorgiou, Tim J. Smith, Rachel Wu, Mark H. Johnson, Natasha Z. Kirkham, Angelica Ronald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Individual differences in fixation duration are considered a reliable measure of attentional control in adults. However, the degree to which individual differences in fixation duration in infancy (0–12 months) relate to temperament and behavior in childhood is largely unknown. In the present study, data were examined from 120 infants (mean age = 7.69 months, SD = 1.90) who previously participated in an eye-tracking study. At follow-up, parents completed age-appropriate questionnaires about their child’s temperament and behavior (mean age of children = 41.59 months, SD = 9.83). Mean fixation duration in infancy was positively associated with effortful control (β = 0.20, R2 = .02, p = .04) and negatively with surgency (β = −0.37, R2 = .07, p = .003) and hyperactivity-inattention (β = −0.35, R2 = .06, p = .005) in childhood. These findings suggest that individual differences in mean fixation duration in infancy are linked to attentional and behavioral control in childhood.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1371-1379
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological Science
Volume25
Issue number7
Early online date08 May 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

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