Indoor areas, such as offices and shopping malls, are a natural environment for initial millimeter-wave (mmWave) deployments. Although we already have the technology that enables us to realize indoor mmWave deployments, there are many remaining challenges associated with system-level design and planning for such. The objective of this article is to bring together multiple strands of research to provide a comprehensive and integrated framework for the design and performance evaluation of indoor mmWave systems. This article introduces the framework with a status update on mmWave technology, including ongoing fifth generation (5G) wireless standardization efforts and then moves on to experimentally validated channel models that inform performance evaluation and deployment planning. Together these yield insights on indoor mmWave deployment strategies and system configurations, from feasible deployment densities to beam management strategies and necessary capacity extensions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Manuscript received February 17, 2019; revised December 15, 2019 and March 18, 2020; accepted April 8, 2020. Date of publication May 18, 2020; date of current version May 28, 2020. This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant CNS-1526844, in part by the Science Foundation Ireland under Grant 14/US/I3110, and in part by the Department for the Economy Northern Ireland through Grant USI080. (Corresponding author: Jacek Kibiłda.) Jacek Kibiłda and Nicola Marchetti are with the CONNECT Centre, Trinity College, The University of Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland (e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org). Allen B. MacKenzie is with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA, and also with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Tennessee Tech, Cookeville, TN 38505 USA (e-mail: email@example.com). Mohammad J. Abdel-Rahman is with the Electrical Engineering Department and the Computer Science Department, Al-Hussein Technical University, Amman 11831, Jordan, and also with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Seong Ki Yoo is with the School of Computing, Electronics and Mathematics, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, U.K. (e-mail: email@example.com). Lorenzo Galati Giordano, Adrian Garcia-Rodriguez, David López-Pérez, and Holger Claussen are with Nokia Bell Labs, Dublin, D15 Y6NT Ireland (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com). Simon L. Cotton is with the Centre for Wireless Innovation, ECIT Institute, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast BT3 9DT, U.K. (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Walid Saad is with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA (e-mail: email@example.com). William G. Scanlon is with Tyndall National Institute, Cork T12 R5CP, Ireland (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Luiz A. DaSilva is with the CONNECT Centre, Trinity College, The University of Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland, and also with the Commonwealth Cyber Initiative (CCI) and Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA (e-mail: email@example.com).
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- deployment planning
- Fifth generation (5G)-New Radio (NR)
- millimeterwave (mmWave) channel
- mmWave communications
- network modeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering