Influence of a Single Grain Boundary on Domain Wall Motion in Ferroelectrics

Daniel M. Marincel, Huairuo Zhang, Amit Kumar, Stephen Jesse, Sergei V. Kalinin, W. M. Rainforth, Ian M. Reaney, Clive A. Randall, Susan Trolier-McKinstry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epitaxial tetragonal 425 and 611 nm thick Pb(ZrTi)O (PZT) films are deposited by pulsed laser deposition on SrRuO-coated (100) SrTiO 24° tilt angle bicrystal substrates to create a single PZT grain boundary with a well-defined orientation. On either side of the bicrystal boundary, the films show square hysteresis loops and have dielectric permittivities of 456 and 576, with loss tangents of 0.010 and 0.015, respectively. Using piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM), a decrease in the nonlinear piezoelectric response is observed in the vicinity (720-820 nm) of the grain boundary. This region represents the width over which the extrinsic contributions to the piezoelectric response (e.g., those associated with the domain density/configuration and/or the domain wall mobility) are influenced by the presence of the grain boundary. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images collected near and far from the grain boundary indicate a strong preference for (101)/(1-01) type domain walls at the grain boundary, whereas (011)/(01-1) and (101)/(1-01) are observed away from this region. It is proposed that the elastic strain field at the grain boundary interacts with the ferro-electric/elastic domain structure, stabilizing (101)/(1-01) rather than (011)/(01-1) type domain walls, which inhibits domain wall motion under applied field and decreases non-linearity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1409-1416
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume24
Issue number10
Early online date25 Oct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2014

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