The initial growth mechanism of epitaxial BaTiO3 films is studied by combined application of atomic force microscopy, cross sectional high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and x-ray diffraction. Epitaxial BaTiO3 thin films were grown by pulsed laser deposition on vicinal Nb-doped SrTiO3 (SrTiO3:Nb) (001) substrates with well-defined terraces. X-ray diffraction and cross sectional high-resolution transmission electron microscopy investigations revealed well-defined epitaxial films and a sharp interface between BaTiO3 films and SrTiO3:Nb substrates. The layer-then-island (Stranski-Krastanov mode) growth mechanism observed by analyzing the morphology of a sequence of films with increasing amount of deposited material has been confirmed by microstructure investigations. (C) 2002 American Institute of Physics.
Visinoiu, A., Alexe, M., Hesse, D., Lee, H. N., Zakharov, D. N., & Pignolet, A. (2002). Initial growth stages of epitaxial BaTiO3 films on vicinal SrTiO3 (001) substrate surfaces. Journal of Applied Physics, 91(12), 10157. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1478800