Intellectual property, friendship and the pandemic: a reflection

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


The central theme of this article is to explore the relationship between friendship and intellectual property (IP). Historical development informs us that friendship treaties have influenced international IP and friendship groups were prevalent during the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) negotiations. One key finding is that friendship as a form of coalition working towards a common goal remained in IP negotiations. Drawing from the recent TRIPS waiver proposal debate, the chapter focuses on two aspects. First, to investigate the relationship between IP and friendship based on historical development. Second, to examine the relevance of “friendship” in the IP system, in the context of the post pandemic legal order.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntellectual property rights in the post pandemic world: an integrated framework of, sustainability, innovation and global justice
EditorsTaina Pihlajarinne, Jukka Mähönen, Pratyush Nath Upreti
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd
ISBN (Electronic)9781803922744
ISBN (Print)9781803922737
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2023

Publication series

NameElgar Intellectual Property and Global Development series


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