Intelligent deployment of UAVs in 5G heterogeneous communication environment for improved coverage

Vishal Sharma, Kathiravan Srinivasan*, Han Chieh Chao, Kai Lung Hua, Wen Huang Cheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)


With hard requirements of high performance for the next generation mobile communication systems, especially 5G networks, coverage has been the crucial problem which requires the deployment of more stations by the service providers. However, this deployment of new stations is not cost effective and requires network replanning. This issue can easily be overcome by the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in the existing communication system. Thus, considering this as a problem, an intelligent solution is presented for the accurate and efficient placement of the UAVs with respect to the demand areas resulting in the increase in the capacity and coverage of the wireless networks. The proposed approach utilizes the priority-wise dominance and the entropy approaches for providing solutions to the two problems considered in this paper, namely, Macro Base Station (MBS) decision problem and the cooperative UAV allocation problem. Finally, network bargaining is defined over these solutions to accurately map the UAVs to the desired areas resulting in the significant improvement of the network parameters, namely, throughput, per User Equipment (UE) capacity, 5th percentile spectral efficiency, network delays and guaranteed signal to interference plus noise ratio by 6.3%, 16.6%, 55.9%, 48.2%, and 36.99%, respectively in comparison with the existing approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-105
JournalJournal of Network and Computer Applications
Early online date05 Dec 2016
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • 5G
  • Capacity
  • Heterogeneous Networks
  • Interference
  • UAVs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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