Interspecific visitation of cattle and badgers to fomites: A transmission risk for bovine tuberculosis?

Emma L. Campbell, Andrew W. Byrne, Fraser Menzies, Kathryn R. McBride, Carl M. McCormick, David Scantlebury, Neil Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In Great Britain and Ireland, badgers (Meles meles) are a wildlife reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis and implicated in bovine tuberculosis transmission to domestic cattle. The route of disease transmission is unknown with direct, so‐called “nose‐to‐nose,” contact between hosts being extremely rare. Camera traps were deployed for 64,464 hr on 34 farms to quantify cattle and badger visitation rates in space and time at six farm locations. Badger presence never coincided with cattle presence at the same time, with badger and cattle detection at the same location but at different times being negatively correlated. Badgers were never recorded within farmyards during the present study. Badgers utilized cattle water troughs in fields, but detections were infrequent (equivalent to one badger observed drinking every 87 days). Cattle presence at badger‐associated locations, for example, setts and latrines, were three times more frequent than badger presence at cattle‐associated locations, for example, water troughs. Preventing cattle access to badger setts and latrines and restricting badger access to cattle water troughs may potentially reduce interspecific bTB transmission through reduced indirect contact.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8479
Number of pages8489
JournalEcology and Evolution
Volume9
Early online date09 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

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fomites
bovine tuberculosis
badgers
cattle
water troughs
trough
farm
disease transmission
indirect contact
drinking
Meles meles
farms
water
Mycobacterium bovis
Ireland
cameras
space and time
wildlife
traps

Cite this

@article{02a9a236e9344262a7ae055fc71a93a8,
title = "Interspecific visitation of cattle and badgers to fomites: A transmission risk for bovine tuberculosis?",
abstract = "In Great Britain and Ireland, badgers (Meles meles) are a wildlife reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis and implicated in bovine tuberculosis transmission to domestic cattle. The route of disease transmission is unknown with direct, so‐called “nose‐to‐nose,” contact between hosts being extremely rare. Camera traps were deployed for 64,464 hr on 34 farms to quantify cattle and badger visitation rates in space and time at six farm locations. Badger presence never coincided with cattle presence at the same time, with badger and cattle detection at the same location but at different times being negatively correlated. Badgers were never recorded within farmyards during the present study. Badgers utilized cattle water troughs in fields, but detections were infrequent (equivalent to one badger observed drinking every 87 days). Cattle presence at badger‐associated locations, for example, setts and latrines, were three times more frequent than badger presence at cattle‐associated locations, for example, water troughs. Preventing cattle access to badger setts and latrines and restricting badger access to cattle water troughs may potentially reduce interspecific bTB transmission through reduced indirect contact.",
author = "Campbell, {Emma L.} and Byrne, {Andrew W.} and Fraser Menzies and McBride, {Kathryn R.} and McCormick, {Carl M.} and David Scantlebury and Neil Reid",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1002/ece3.5282",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "8479",
journal = "Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "2045-7758",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",

}

Interspecific visitation of cattle and badgers to fomites: A transmission risk for bovine tuberculosis? / Campbell, Emma L. ; Byrne, Andrew W.; Menzies, Fraser; McBride, Kathryn R.; McCormick, Carl M.; Scantlebury, David; Reid, Neil.

In: Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 9, 08.2019, p. 8479.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Campbell, Emma L.

AU - Byrne, Andrew W.

AU - Menzies, Fraser

AU - McBride, Kathryn R.

AU - McCormick, Carl M.

AU - Scantlebury, David

AU - Reid, Neil

PY - 2019/8

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AB - In Great Britain and Ireland, badgers (Meles meles) are a wildlife reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis and implicated in bovine tuberculosis transmission to domestic cattle. The route of disease transmission is unknown with direct, so‐called “nose‐to‐nose,” contact between hosts being extremely rare. Camera traps were deployed for 64,464 hr on 34 farms to quantify cattle and badger visitation rates in space and time at six farm locations. Badger presence never coincided with cattle presence at the same time, with badger and cattle detection at the same location but at different times being negatively correlated. Badgers were never recorded within farmyards during the present study. Badgers utilized cattle water troughs in fields, but detections were infrequent (equivalent to one badger observed drinking every 87 days). Cattle presence at badger‐associated locations, for example, setts and latrines, were three times more frequent than badger presence at cattle‐associated locations, for example, water troughs. Preventing cattle access to badger setts and latrines and restricting badger access to cattle water troughs may potentially reduce interspecific bTB transmission through reduced indirect contact.

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