Investigating the effects of endogenous lipaemia on the measurement of sodium by indirect ion specific electrode potentiometry

Eamon Patrick McCarron*, Emma Murray, Gareth McKeeman, Stephen Coward, Paul Hamilton, Grainne Connolly, Brona Roberts

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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Background The widely automated method using indirect ion specific electrodes (ISE) potentiometry for determination of sodium concentration is prone to interference from lipaemia. Manufacturer-specified lipaemic (L)-index cut offs may underestimate the effects of endogenous lipaemia. Methods We assessed the interference on sodium concentration caused by endogenous lipaemia in 32 residual samples (from 13 patients) using indirect ISE (Cobas® 8000 modular analyser with c702 module, Roche diagnostics) and direct ISE (GEM 4000 premier, Werfen) potentiometric methods. Regression analysis (linear and non-linear) was used to determine a reliable (L)-index cut off for reporting sodium concentration. Results There was a poor correlation observed between triglyceride concentration and (L)-index. There was significant negative interference caused by endogenous lipaemia within analysed samples. Non-linear regression demonstrated a negative interference of approximately 5% at an (L)-index of 250. Conclusion At present the manufacturer advises not to report sodium concentration by indirect ISE on the Cobas® 8000 modular analyser if the (L)-index is> 2000. However this has been determined by the addition of exogenous lipids (Intralipid®) and it is clear that this is not comparable to endogenous lipaemia. To ensure patient safety, clinical laboratories should consider lowering the cut off for (L)-index that they use for reporting sodium concentration.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Clinical Biochemistry
Early online date19 Apr 2022
Publication statusEarly online date - 19 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


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