Investigating the Mechanism and Electrode Kinetics of the Oxygen vertical bar Superoxide (O-2 vertical bar O-2(center dot-)) Couple in Various Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids at Gold and Platinum Electrodes in the Temperature Range 298-318 K

E.I. Rogers, X.J. Huang, E.J.F. Dickinson, Christopher Hardacre, R.G. Compton

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74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reduction of oxygen was studied over a range of temperatures (298-318 K) in n-hexyltriethylammonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide, [N-6,N-2,N-2,N-2][NTf2], and 1-butyl-2,3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide, [C(4)dmim][NTf2] on both gold and platinum microdisk electrodes, and the mechanism and electrode kinetics of the reaction investigated. Three different models were used to simulate the CVs, based on a simple electron transfer ('E'), an electron transfer coupled with a reversible homogeneous chemical step ('ECrev') and an electron transfer followed by adsorption of the reduction product ('EC(ads)'), and where appropriate, best fit parameters deduced, including the heterogeneous rate constant, formal electrode potential, transfer coefficient, and homogeneous rate constants for the ECrev mechanism, and adsorption/desorption rate constants for the EC(ads) mechanism. It was concluded from the good simulation fits on gold that a simple E process operates for the reduction of oxygen in [N-6,N-2,N-2,N-2][NTf2], and an ECrev process for [C(4)dmim][NTf2], with the chemical step involving the reversible formation of the O-2(center dot-)center dot center dot center dot [C(4)dmim](+) ion-pair. The E mechanism was found to loosely describe the reduction of oxygen in [N-6,N-2,N-2,N-2][NTf2] on platinum as the simulation fits were reasonable although not perfect, especially for the reverse wave. The electrochemical kinetics are slower on Pt, and observed broadening of the oxidation peak is likely due to the adsorption of superoxide on the electrode surface in a process more complex than simple Langmuirian. In [C(4)dmim][NTf2] the O-2(center dot-) predominantly ion-pairs with the solvent rather than adsorbs on the surface, and an ECrev quantitatively describes the reduction of oxygen on Pt also.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17811-17823
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume113
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Energy(all)
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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