Investigation of dose-rate effects and cell-cycle distribution under protracted exposure to ionizing radiation for various dose-rates

Yusuke Matsuya, Stephen J McMahon, Kaori Tsutsumi, Kohei Sasaki, Go Okuyama, Yuji Yoshii, Ryosuke Mori, Joma Oikawa, Kevin M Prise, Hiroyuki Date

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
218 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

During exposure to ionizing radiation, sub-lethal damage repair (SLDR) competes with DNA damage induction in cultured cells. By virtue of SLDR, cell survival increases with decrease of dose-rate, so-called dose-rate effects (DREs). Here, we focused on a wide dose-rate range and investigated the change of cell-cycle distribution during X-ray protracted exposure and dose-response curves via hybrid analysis with a combination of in vitro experiments and mathematical modelling. In the course of flow-cytometric cell-cycle analysis and clonogenic assays, we found the following responses in CHO-K1 cells: (1) The fraction of cells in S phase gradually increases during 6 h exposure at 3.0 Gy/h, which leads to radio-resistance. (2) Slight cell accumulation in S and G2/M phases is observed after exposure at 6.0 Gy/h for more than 10 hours. This suggests that an increase of SLDR rate for cells in S phase during irradiation may be a reproducible factor to describe changes in the dose-response curve at dose-rates of 3.0 and 6.0 Gy/h. By re-evaluating cell survival for various dose-rates of 0.186-60.0 Gy/h considering experimental-based DNA content and SLDR, it is suggested that the change of S phase fraction during irradiation modulates the dose-response curve and is possibly responsible for some inverse DREs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8287
Number of pages14
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2018

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