A Nd:Yag laser operating at 1064 nm, 900 mJ maximum pulse energy and 9 ns pulse duration, is employed to irradiate solid tin targets placed in a high vacuum (10-7 mbar). The Sn plasma produced on the target surface is investigated with different analysis techniques, such as ion collectors, mass quadrupole spectrometry, electron microscopy and surface profilers. Measurements of ablation threshold, ablation yield, atomic and molecular emission, ion and neutral emission are reported. A time-of-flight technique is employed to calculate the velocity and the kinetic energy of the ion emission from the plasma. The angular distributions of the ejected ion species and of their kinetic energy are strongly peaked along the normal to the target surface. A valuation of the electric field generated inside the non-equilibrium plasma is given and discussed.
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics