Investigations on the adsorption of acidic gases using activated dolomite

Gavin Walker, A. Duffy, Stephen Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work activated dolomite adsorption was investigated for removal of acidic gaseous pollutants. Charring was found to be an effective method for the activation of dolomite. This thermal processing resulted in partial decomposition, yielding a calcite and magnesium oxide structure. Adsorbents were produced over a range of char temperatures (750, 800 and 850 °C) and char times (1–8 h). The surface properties and the adsorption capability of raw and thermally treated dolomite sorbents were investigated using porosimetry, SEM and XRD. The sorbates individually investigated were CO2 and NO2. Volumetric equilibrium isotherm determinations were produced in order to quantify sorbate capacity on the various sorbents. The equilibrium data were successfully described using the Freundlich isotherm model. Despite relatively low surface area characteristics of the activated dolomite, there was a high capacity for the acidic gas sorbates investigated, showing a maximum of 12.6 mmol/g (554 mg/g) for CO2 adsorption and 9.93 mmol/g (457 mg/g) for NO2 adsorption. Potentially the most cost effective result from the work concerns the adsorptive capacity for the naturally occurring material, which gave a capacity of 9.71 mmol/g (427 mg/g) for CO2 adsorption and 4.18 mmol/g (193 mg/g) for NO2 adsorption. These results indicate that dolomitic sorbents are potentially cost effective materials for acidic gases adsorption.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-244
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume117(3)
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Engineering

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