Ion-acoustic waves in a plasma consisting of adiabatic warm ions, non-isothermal electrons and a weakly relativistic electron beam: linear and higher-order nonlinear effects

A. Esfandyari-Kalejahi, Ioannis Kourakis, P.K. Shukla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nonlinear propagation of finite amplitude ion acoustic solitary waves in a plasma consisting of adiabatic warm ions, nonisothermal electrons, and a weakly relativistic electron beam is studied via a two-fluid model. A multiple scales technique is employed to investigate the nonlinear regime. The existence of the electron beam gives rise to four linear ion acoustic modes, which propagate at different phase speeds. The numerical analysis shows that the propagation speed of two of these modes may become complex-valued (i.e., waves cannot occur) under conditions which depend on values of the beam-to-background-electron density ratio , the ion-to-free-electron temperature ratio , and the electron beam velocity v0; the remaining two modes remain real in all cases. The basic set of fluid equations are reduced to a Schamel-type equation and a linear inhomogeneous equation for the first and second-order potential perturbations, respectively. Stationary solutions of the coupled equations are derived using a renormalization method. Higher-order nonlinearity is thus shown to modify the solitary wave amplitude and may also deform its shape, even possibly transforming a simple pulse into a W-type curve for one of the modes. The dependence of the excitation amplitude and of the higher-order nonlinearity potential correction on the parameters , , and v0 is numerically investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Article number022303
Pages (from-to)022303/1-022303/13
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume15 (2)
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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