Is it possible to detect PEth 16:0/18:1 and PEth 18:1/18:1 in red blood cells after 20 years of storage in liquid nitrogen?

R. Boll, T. Johnson, R. Kaaks, T. Kuhn, G. Skopp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction
Phosphatidylethanol (PEth), as measured in freshly drawn blood samples, could be a promising new biomarker for habitual alcohol consumption, but it is still unknown whether PEth can also be determined from blood samples having been stored frozen for a longer period.

Materials and methods
PEth 16:0/18:1 and PEth 18:1/18:1 were determined by LC-MS/MS from red blood cells (RBC) derived from blood samples of (I) 20 healthy volunteers (after 1 month of storage at −80 °C) and (II) 232 participants of the population-based European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Heidelberg study (after 20 years of storage at −196 °C). Analyses involved liquid-liquid extraction from 100 μl aliquots with phosphatidylpropanol (PProp 18:1/18:1) as the internal standard. Extracts were subjected to a 10-min LC gradient separation, using multiple reaction monitoring of deprotonated molecules for quantification.

Results
After 1 month of storage at −80 °C, PEth was detectable in all samples at mean concentrations of 393.6 ± 12.4 ng/ml (PEth 16:0/18:1) and 43.3 ± 1.1 ng/ml (PEth 18:1/18:1). In samples stored for 20 years at −196 °C, PEth was detectable in 23.7% of all samples at mean concentrations of 412.2 ± 655.5 ng/ml (PEth 16:0/18:1) and 38.0 ± 74.8 ng/ml (PEth 18:1/18:1).

Discussion and conclusion
PEth can be determined reliably from samples of moderate habitual alcohol consumers after 1 month of storage at −80 °C. Our data suggest that PEth is generally also detectable in samples after 20 years of storage at −196 °C. Further studies are needed to assess the still unknown impact of storage duration and temperature on different PEth specimen concentrations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1291-1297
JournalInt J Legal Med
Volume131
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2017

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