Is primary trabeculectomy cost-effective for patients with advanced primary open angle glaucoma? Results from the Treatment of Advanced Glaucoma Study economic model

Hosein Shabaninejad, Tara Homer, Ashleigh Kernohan, Anthony J King, Jennifer Burr, Augusto Azuara-Blanco, Luke Vale*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Background/aims: Advanced primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is a lifelong condition. The aim of this study is to compare medical treatment against trabeculectomy for patients presenting with advanced POAG using an economic evaluation decision model.

Methods: A Markov model was used to compare the two treatments, medical treatment versus trabeculectomy for the management of advanced POAG, in terms of costs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). The uncertainty surrounding the model findings was assessed using probabilistic sensitivity analysis and deterministic analysis. Data for the model came from Treatment of Advanced Glaucoma Study supplemented with data from the literature. The main outcomes of the model presented in terms of Incremental costs and QALYs based on responses to the EQ-5D-5L, Health Utilities Index-3 and a Glaucoma Utility Index.

Results: In the base-case analysis (lifetime horizon and EQ-5D-5L measure), participants receiving trabeculectomy had on average, an additional cost of £2687, an additional 0.28 QALYs and an incremental cost per QALY of £9679 compared with medical treatment. There was a 73% likelihood of trabeculectomy being considered cost-effective when society was willing to pay £20 000 for a QALY. Over shorter time horizons, the incremental cost per QALY gained from trabeculectomy compared with medical treatment was higher (47 663) for a 2-year time horizon. Our results are robust to changes in the key assumptions and input parameters values.

Conclusion: In patients presenting with advanced POAG, trabeculectomy has a higher probability of being cost-effective over a patient’s lifetime compared with medical treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Early online date09 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 09 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Glaucoma
  • Treatment Surgery

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