Is there a common pathway to developing ASD and PTSD symptoms?

Maj Hansen*, Cherie Armour, Lutz Wittmann, Ask Elklit, Mark Shevlin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Numerous studies have identified risk factors for acute and long-term posttraumatic stress symptoms following traumatic exposure. However, little is known about whether there are common pathways to the development of acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Research suggests that a common path to ASD and PTSD may lie in peritraumatic responses and cognitions. The results of structural equation modeling in a national sample of Danish bank robbery victims (. N=. 450) show that peritraumatic panic, anxiety sensitivity, and negative cognitions about self were significant common risk factors for both ASD severity and PTSD severity when controlled for the effect of the other risk factors. The strongest common risk factor was negative cognitions about self. Future research should focus on replicating these results as they point to possible areas of preventive and treatment actions against the development of traumatic stress symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-872
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute stress disorder
  • Bank robbery
  • Common pathways
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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