ISOLATION AND PRELIMINARY BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF KPNFIRFAMIDE, A NOVEL FMRFAMIDE-RELATED PEPTIDE FROM THE FREE-LIVING NEMATODE, PANAGRELLUS-REDIVIVUS

Aaron Maule, Christopher Shaw, J.W. Bowman, D W Halton, D.P. Thompson, L. Thim, T.M. Kubiak, R.A. Martin, T.G. Geary

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43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel FMRFamide-related heptapeptide, Lys-Pro-Asn-Phe-Ile-Arg-Phe-NH2 (KPNFIRFamide), was isolated and characterized from acid ethanol extracts of the free-living nematode, Panagrellus redivivus. Whole-worm extracts contained greater than or equal to 9 pmol KPNFIRFamide/g wet weight. A synthetic replicate of this peptide induced a rapid relaxation of tone and inhibited spontaneous contractility in isolated innervated and denervated body-wall muscle strips of the parasitic nematode, Ascaris suum. KPNFIRFamide (0.1 nM) induced measurable relaxations in 50% of the muscle preparations examined. Concentrations greater than or equal to 0.3 nM induced relaxation in 100% of muscle preparations examined. The relaxation was short-lived at concentrations of peptide greater than or equal to 1 mu M and displayed a profile typical of receptor desensitization. These data suggest the occurrence of a closely related peptide in A. suum and add further evidence to the concept of primary structural conservation of FaRPs within the nematodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-93
Number of pages7
JournalPeptides
Volume16
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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