We have previously shown that isoprenylation and/or additional pest-translational processing of the G protein gamma(1) subunit carboxyl terminus is required for beta(1) gamma(1) subunit stimulation of phospholipase C-beta(2) (PLC beta(2)) [Dietrich, A., Meister, M., Brazil, D., Camps, M., & Gierschik, P. (1994) Eur. J. Biochem. 219, 171-178]. To examine whether isoprenylation of the gamma(1) subunit alone is sufficient for beta(1) gamma(1)-mediated PLC beta(2) stimulation or whether any of the two subsequent modifications, proteolytic removal of the carboxyl-terminal tripeptide and/or carboxylmethylation, is required for this effect, nonisoprenylated recombinant beta(1) gamma(1) dimers were produced in baculovirus-infected insect cells, purified to near homogeneity, and then isoprenylated in vitro using purified recombinant protein farnesyltransferase. Analysis of the beta(1) gamma(1) dimer after in vitro farnesylation by reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography followed by delayed extraction matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry confirmed that the gamma(1) subunit was carboxyl-terminally farnesylated but not proteolyzed and carboxylmethylated. Functional reconstitution of in vitro-farnesylated beta(1) gamma(1) dimers with a recombinant PLC beta(2) isozyme revealed that farnesylation rendered recombinant nonisoprenylated beta(1) gamma(1) dimers capable of stimulating PLC beta(2) and that the degree of this stimulation was only approximately 45% lower for in vitro-farnesylated beta(1) gamma(1) dimers than for fully modified native beta(1) gamma(1) purified from bovine retinal rod outer segments. Taken together, these results suggest that isoprenylation of the gamma subunit is both necessary and sufficient for beta gamma dimer-mediated stimulation of phospholipase C.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|