John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecology

Richard W Battarbee, Henry Lamb, Keith Bennett, Mary Edwards, Anne E Bjune, Peter E Kaland, Björn E Berglund, André F Lotter, Heikki Seppä, Kathy J Willis, Ulrike Herzschuh, Hilary H Birks

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe the career of John Birks as a pioneering scientist who has, over a career spanning five decades, transformed palaeoecology from a largely descriptive to a rigorous quantitative science relevant to contemporary questions in ecology and environmental change. We review his influence on students and colleagues not only at Cambridge and Bergen Universities, his places of primary employment, but also on individuals and research groups in Europe and North America. We also introduce the collection of papers that we have assembled in his honour. The papers are written by his former students and close colleagues and span many of the areas of palaeoecology to which John himself has made major contributions. These include the relationship between ecology and palaeoecology, late-glacial and Holocene palaeoecology, ecological succession, climate change and vegetation history, the role of palaeoecological techniques in reconstructing and understanding the impact of human activity on terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems and numerical analysis of multivariate palaeoecological data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-16
Number of pages14
JournalThe Holocene
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

Keywords

  • climate change
  • ecosystem history
  • Holocene
  • late-glacial
  • numerical data analysis
  • palaeoecology
  • palaeolimnology
  • RECENT ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE
  • CHRYSOPHYTE CYST ASSEMBLAGES
  • MODERN POLLEN ASSEMBLAGES
  • CLIMATE CALIBRATION SET
  • LATE-GLACIAL POLLEN
  • TREE-LINE AREA
  • LAKES NEW-YORK
  • WESTERN NORWAY
  • ATMOSPHERIC CONTAMINATION
  • YUKON TERRITORY

Cite this

Battarbee, R. W., Lamb, H., Bennett, K., Edwards, M., Bjune, A. E., Kaland, P. E., ... Birks, H. H. (2015). John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecology. The Holocene, 25(1), 3-16. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683614556390
Battarbee, Richard W ; Lamb, Henry ; Bennett, Keith ; Edwards, Mary ; Bjune, Anne E ; Kaland, Peter E ; Berglund, Björn E ; Lotter, André F ; Seppä, Heikki ; Willis, Kathy J ; Herzschuh, Ulrike ; Birks, Hilary H. / John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecology. In: The Holocene. 2015 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 3-16.
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Battarbee, RW, Lamb, H, Bennett, K, Edwards, M, Bjune, AE, Kaland, PE, Berglund, BE, Lotter, AF, Seppä, H, Willis, KJ, Herzschuh, U & Birks, HH 2015, 'John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecology', The Holocene, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 3-16. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683614556390

John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecology. / Battarbee, Richard W; Lamb, Henry; Bennett, Keith; Edwards, Mary; Bjune, Anne E; Kaland, Peter E; Berglund, Björn E; Lotter, André F; Seppä, Heikki; Willis, Kathy J; Herzschuh, Ulrike; Birks, Hilary H.

In: The Holocene, Vol. 25, No. 1, 01.2015, p. 3-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

TY - JOUR

T1 - John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecology

AU - Battarbee, Richard W

AU - Lamb, Henry

AU - Bennett, Keith

AU - Edwards, Mary

AU - Bjune, Anne E

AU - Kaland, Peter E

AU - Berglund, Björn E

AU - Lotter, André F

AU - Seppä, Heikki

AU - Willis, Kathy J

AU - Herzschuh, Ulrike

AU - Birks, Hilary H

PY - 2015/1

Y1 - 2015/1

N2 - We describe the career of John Birks as a pioneering scientist who has, over a career spanning five decades, transformed palaeoecology from a largely descriptive to a rigorous quantitative science relevant to contemporary questions in ecology and environmental change. We review his influence on students and colleagues not only at Cambridge and Bergen Universities, his places of primary employment, but also on individuals and research groups in Europe and North America. We also introduce the collection of papers that we have assembled in his honour. The papers are written by his former students and close colleagues and span many of the areas of palaeoecology to which John himself has made major contributions. These include the relationship between ecology and palaeoecology, late-glacial and Holocene palaeoecology, ecological succession, climate change and vegetation history, the role of palaeoecological techniques in reconstructing and understanding the impact of human activity on terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems and numerical analysis of multivariate palaeoecological data.

AB - We describe the career of John Birks as a pioneering scientist who has, over a career spanning five decades, transformed palaeoecology from a largely descriptive to a rigorous quantitative science relevant to contemporary questions in ecology and environmental change. We review his influence on students and colleagues not only at Cambridge and Bergen Universities, his places of primary employment, but also on individuals and research groups in Europe and North America. We also introduce the collection of papers that we have assembled in his honour. The papers are written by his former students and close colleagues and span many of the areas of palaeoecology to which John himself has made major contributions. These include the relationship between ecology and palaeoecology, late-glacial and Holocene palaeoecology, ecological succession, climate change and vegetation history, the role of palaeoecological techniques in reconstructing and understanding the impact of human activity on terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems and numerical analysis of multivariate palaeoecological data.

KW - climate change

KW - ecosystem history

KW - Holocene

KW - late-glacial

KW - numerical data analysis

KW - palaeoecology

KW - palaeolimnology

KW - RECENT ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE

KW - CHRYSOPHYTE CYST ASSEMBLAGES

KW - MODERN POLLEN ASSEMBLAGES

KW - CLIMATE CALIBRATION SET

KW - LATE-GLACIAL POLLEN

KW - TREE-LINE AREA

KW - LAKES NEW-YORK

KW - WESTERN NORWAY

KW - ATMOSPHERIC CONTAMINATION

KW - YUKON TERRITORY

U2 - 10.1177/0959683614556390

DO - 10.1177/0959683614556390

M3 - Literature review

VL - 25

SP - 3

EP - 16

JO - The Holocene

JF - The Holocene

SN - 0959-6836

IS - 1

ER -

Battarbee RW, Lamb H, Bennett K, Edwards M, Bjune AE, Kaland PE et al. John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecology. The Holocene. 2015 Jan;25(1):3-16. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683614556390