Key challenges and priorities for modelling European grasslands under climate change

Richard P. Kipling*, Perttu Virkajärvi, Laura Breitsameter, Yannick Curnel, Tom De Swaef, Anne Maj Gustavsson, Sylvain Hennart, Mats Höglind, Kirsi Järvenranta, Julien Minet, Claas Nendel, Tomas Persson, Catherine Picon-Cochard, Susanne Rolinski, Daniel L. Sandars, Nigel D. Scollan, Leon Sebek, Giovanna Seddaiu, Cairistiona F.E. Topp, Stanislaw TwardyJantine Van Middelkoop, Lianhai Wu, Gianni Bellocchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Grassland-based ruminant production systems are integral to sustainable food production in Europe, converting plant materials indigestible to humans into nutritious food, while providing a range of environmental and cultural benefits. Climate change poses significant challenges for such systems, their productivity and the wider benefits they supply. In this context, grassland models have an important role in predicting and understanding the impacts of climate change on grassland systems, and assessing the efficacy of potential adaptation and mitigation strategies. In order to identify the key challenges for European grassland modelling under climate change, modellers and researchers from across Europe were consulted via workshop and questionnaire. Participants identified fifteen challenges and considered the current state of modelling and priorities for future research in relation to each. A review of literature was undertaken to corroborate and enrich the information provided during the horizon scanning activities. Challenges were in four categories relating to: 1) the direct and indirect effects of climate change on the sward 2) climate change effects on grassland systems outputs 3) mediation of climate change impacts by site, system and management and 4) cross-cutting methodological issues. While research priorities differed between challenges, an underlying theme was the need for accessible, shared inventories of models, approaches and data, as a resource for stakeholders and to stimulate new research. Developing grassland models to effectively support efforts to tackle climate change impacts, while increasing productivity and enhancing ecosystem services, will require engagement with stakeholders and policy-makers, as well as modellers and experimental researchers across many disciplines. The challenges and priorities identified are intended to be a resource 1) for grassland modellers and experimental researchers, to stimulate the development of new research directions and collaborative opportunities, and 2) for policy-makers involved in shaping the research agenda for European grassland modelling under climate change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851-864
Number of pages14
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume566-567
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Grasslands
  • Horizon scanning
  • Livestock production
  • Models
  • Research agenda

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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