Key components of sustainable climate-smart ocean planning

Catarina Frazão Santos*, Tundi Agardy, Larry B. Crowder, Jon C. Day, Malin L. Pinsky, Amber Himes-Cornell, Julie M. Reimer, Sara García-Morales, Nathan J. Bennett, Amanda T. Lombard, Helena Calado, Marinez Scherer, Wesley Flannery, Lisa M. Wedding, Elena Gissi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Planning of marine areas has spread widely over the past two decades to support sustainable ocean management and governance. However, to succeed in a changing ocean, marine spatial planning (MSP) must be ‘climate-smart’— integrating climate-related knowledge, being flexible to changing conditions, and supporting climate actions. While the need for climate-smart MSP has been globally recognized, at a practical level, marine managers and planners require further guidance on how to put it into action. Here, we suggest ten key components that, if well-integrated, would promote the development and implementation of sustainable, equitable, climate-smart MSP initiatives around the globe.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Number of pages10
Journalnpj Ocean Sustainability
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2024


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