KINETIC-STUDY OF PHOTOINDUCED ELECTRON-TRANSFER REACTIONS SENSITIZED BY COLLOIDAL CDS

A. Green, Andrew Mills

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The kinetics of the recovery of the photoinduced transient bleaching of colloidal CdS in the presence of different electron acceptors are examined. In the presence of the zwitterionic viologen, N,N'-dipropyl-2,2'-bipyridinium disulphonate, excitation of colloidal CdS at different flash intensities generates a series of decay profiles which are superimposed when normalized. The shape of the decay curves are as predicted by a first-order activation-controlled model for a log-normal distribution of particles sizes. In contrast, the variation in flash intensity in the presence of a second viologen, N,N'-dipropyl-4,4'-bipyridinium sulphonate, generates normalized decay traces which broaden with increasing flash intensity. This behaviour is predicted by a zero-order diffusion-controlled model for a log-normal distribution of particle radii. The photoreduction of a number of other oxidants sensitized by colloidal CdS is examined and the shape of the decay kinetics interpreted via either the first- or zero-order kinetics models. The rate constants and activation energies derived using these models are consistent with the values expected for an activation- or diffusion-controlled reaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-221
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Volume64
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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