This article contextualises Malraux' s last novel, written during WWII, within French Literary and politico philosophical traditions (Fustel de Coulanges, Renan, Peguy, Barres, Claudel) in order to explain the author's often misrepresented conversion from Internationalism to Gaullism. Literary motives in the novel are discussed in the light of a continued debate with German thinkers (Treitschke, Strauss, Nietzsche) throughout Malraux's oeuvre. It is shown that Malraux, while literarily at his most barresian, subverts Barres's Nationalism to embrace Nietzsche's ideas, while in turn, he finds in German philosophy a reason to fight, both in the novel and through his military "engagement", against Germany.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Revue André Malraux Review|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|