The concept of large intelligent surface (LIS)-based communication has recently attracted increasing research attention, where a LIS is considered as an antenna array whose entire surface area is available for radio signal transmission and reception. In order to provide a fundamental understanding of LIS-based communication, this paper studies the uplink performance of LIS-based communication with matched filtering in the presence of a line-of-sight channel. We first study the new features introduced by LIS. In particular, the array gain, spatial resolution, and the capability of interference suppression are theoretically presented and characterized. Then, we study two possible LIS system layouts, i.e., centralized LIS (C-LIS) and distributed LIS (D-LIS), and propose a user association scheme aiming to maximize the minimum user spectral efficiency (SE). Simulation results compare the achievable SE between two system layouts. We observe that the proposed user association algorithm significantly improves the performance of D-LIS, and with the help of it, the per-user achievable SE in D-LIS outperforms that in C-LIS in most considered scenarios.
|Name||IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)|