Lay Catholicism and Religious Policy in Cromwellian Ireland

John Cunningham

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The conquest of Ireland between 1649 and 1653 created almost as many problems as it solved for the English government of the country. Not least of these was how, if at all, the majority Catholic population was to be won over to Protestantism. This article reassesses Cromwellian religious policy towards the Catholic laity and traces its evolution up to the end of the decade, taking account also of Catholic responses to official measures. It argues that the supposed leniency of government policy has been overstated and that Catholics who refused to conform to Protestantism in fact risked heavy penalties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769
Number of pages786
JournalThe Journal of Ecclesiastical History
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Early Modern
  • Irish history
  • British history
  • Religion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History


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