The article covers basic inorganic chemistry of lead. As an introduction, the properties and historical uses of metallic lead are discussed, followed by aspects of lead toxicity, including the toxicity origins and effects of lead poisoning. Properties of lead as a heavy p-block element are discussed, with emphasis on the modern view of the so-called “inert pair effect”, including its origin, the influence on stability of lead oxidation states, and on the coordination chemistry of lead(II), viz., “sterically active lone pair”. This is followed by an overview of lead inorganic compounds, including halides, pseudohalides, oxides and chalcogenides, hydroxides and their chalcogenide analogs, alkoxides, oxoacids, O-donors, S- and Se-donors, Group 15 donors, compounds with lead-transition metal bonds, and finally metallic clusters (Zintl phases). This is by no means a comprehensive review, rather compounds representative for each class were presented. In most sections, structural aspects of each class of compounds are discussed, followed by applications, with the focus on modern uses in material science.
|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry|
|Publisher||John Wiley & Sons, Ltd|
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||Published - 14 Sep 2015|