Leukaemogenesis, gene interplay, and the role of the haemopoietic environment

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Malignant initiation, leukaemic transformation, and disease progression in haematological malignancies involves a series of mutational events in genes involved in normal housekeeping functions of the cell. These acquired genetic changes can lead to either increased proliferation or a decreased rate of apoptosis, thus allowing expansion of the malignant clone. Although leukaemia can arise as a de novo disease, it has become increasingly clear that therapies, including the use of irradiation and/or chemotherapy, can give rise to malignancy. Therapy-associated myelodysplasia (t-MDS) and therapy-associated acute myeloid leukaemia (t-AML) account for 10-20% of new cases of these diseases. Although these secondary malignancies have been recognised as a clinical entity for nearly 30 years, molecular studies are now pinpointing various regions of the genome that are susceptible to DNA damage by these chemotherapeutic/radiotherapeutic strategies. The detection of new malignancies (both solid tumours and haematological tumours) following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is also providing us with some clues to the nature of leukaemogenesis, particularly with the observation that leukaemia can occur in donor cells postallogeneic BMT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-7
Number of pages4
JournalRadiation oncology investigations
Volume5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Acute Disease
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Apoptosis
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
  • DNA Damage
  • Disease Progression
  • Genes
  • Hematologic Neoplasms
  • Hematopoietic System
  • Humans
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia, Myeloid
  • Mutation
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced
  • Neoplasms, Second Primary
  • Radiotherapy
  • Transplantation, Homologous

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