Lipoprotein subclass profiles of hyperlipidemic diabetic mice measured by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Samar M Hammad, Lyn Powell-Braxton, James D Otvos, Leslie Eldridge, Wesley Won, Timothy J Lyons

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15 Citations (Scopus)


Dyslipidemia accelerates vascular complications of diabetes. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis of lipoprotein subclasses is used to evaluate a mouse model of human familial hypercholesterolemia +/- streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. A double knockout (DKO) mouse (low-density lipoprotein receptor [LDLr] -/-; apolipoprotein B [apoB] mRNA editing catalytic polypeptide-1 [Apobec1] -/-) was studied. Wild-type (WT) and DKO mice received sham or STZ injections at age 7 weeks, yielding control (WT-C, DKO-C) and diabetic (WT-D, DKO-D) groups. Fasting serum was collected when the mice were killed (age 40 weeks) for Cholestech analysis (Cholestech Corp, Hayward, CA) and NMR lipoprotein subclass profile. By Cholestech, fasting triglyceride and total cholesterol increased in DKO-C versus WT-C. Diabetes further increased total cholesterol in DKO. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was similar among all groups. NMR revealed that LDL in all groups was present in a subclass the size of large human LDL and was increased 48-fold in DKO-C versus WT-C animals, but was unaffected by diabetes. HDL was found in a subclass equivalent to large human HDL, and was similar among groups. In conclusion, NMR analysis reveals lipoprotein subclass distributions and the effects of genetic modification and diabetes in mice, but lack of particles the size of human small LDL and small HDL may limit the relevance of the present animal model to human disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)916-21
Number of pages6
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2003


  • Animals
  • Cholesterol
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Cytidine Deaminase
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias
  • Lipoproteins
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Particle Size
  • Receptors, LDL


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