Liquid monomer-powder particle interaction in acrylic bone cement

Gavin Walker, Catherine Daly, Nicholas Dunne, John Orr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is known that the method used to mix the liquid monomer and powder of PMMA bone cement influences the quality of the cement that is used in total joint replacements. Mixing theory indicates that the interaction between the liquid monomer and the powder is affected by a number of parameters, such as cement viscosity and degree of agitation, with this knowledge utilized in the design of cement mixing devices. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to: (i) obtain information on the interaction of the liquid monomer and the powder in the case of an PMMA bone cement, (ii) show how this knowledge can be applied to the design of an automated cement mixing device, and (iii) compare the porosity, bending modulus, and bending strength of one commercially-available cement prepared using the automated mixer and prepared using a conventional mixer that is in current clinical use. Experimental data indicated that increasing the velocity and decreasing the viscosity of the systems produced cement that improved mechanical properties, which may contribute to better mechanical integrity and, hence, reduced tendency for aseptic loosening, of cemented hip implants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-494
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume139
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Engineering

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