Tubulin Polymerization Promoting Protein (TPPP/p25) modulates the dynamics and stability of the microtubule network by its bundling and acetylation enhancing activities that can be modulated by the binding of zinc to TPPP/p25. Its expression is essential for the differentiation of oligodendrocytes, the major constituents of the myelin sheath, and has been associated with neuronal inclusions. In this paper, evidence is provided for the expression and localization of TPPP/p25 in the zinc-rich retina and in the oligodendrocytes in the optic nerve. Localization of TPPP/p25 was established by confocal microscopy using calbindin and synaptophysin as markers of specific striations in the inner plexiform layer (IPL) and presynaptic terminals, respectively. Postsynaptic nerve terminals in striations S1, S3 and S5 in the IPL and a subset of amacrine cells show immunopositivity against TPPP/p25 both in mice and human eyes. The co-localization of TPPP/p25 with acetylated tubulin was detected in amacrine cells, oligodendrocyte cell bodies and in synapses in the IPL. Quantitative Western blot revealed that the TPPP/p25 level in the retina was 0.05-0.13 ng/μg protein, comparable to that in the brain. There was a central (from optic nerve head) to peripheral retinal gradient in TPPP/p25 protein levels. Our in vivo studies revealed that the oral zinc supplementation of mice significantly increased TPPP/p25 as well as acetylated tubulin levels in the IPL. These results suggest that TPPP/p25, a microtubule stabilizer can play a role in the organization and reorganization of synaptic connections and visual integration in the eye.
|Journal||Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS)|
|Early online date||27 Dec 2017|
|Publication status||Early online date - 27 Dec 2017|
- Journal Article