Lonely SARTs loneliness and sustained attention in the Irish longitudinal study of aging

Joanna E. McHugh Power*, Caoimhe Hannigan, Sile Carney, Joanne Feeney, Rose Ann Kenny, Frank Kee, Brian A. Lawlor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Based on biologically plausible mechanisms and previous research, it is possible to hypothesize a reciprocal association between sustained attention and loneliness. We investigated this association using a cross-lagged modeling approach. Using data from 6,239 participants aged over 50 in TILDA, a nationally representative study of aging, we used structural equation models to investigate potential cross-lagged associations between sustained attention and loneliness, measured at baseline and again after four years. Sustained attention at baseline had a small association with loneliness four years later, but loneliness at baseline was not associated with sustained attention at follow-up. Auto-regressive associations were strong for both loneliness over time and sustained attention over time. Sustained attention may account for a small proportion of the variance in loneliness over time among older adults, and may constitute a risk factor in the development of loneliness. Implications for the identification of at-risk individuals and the prevention of loneliness are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
Early online date18 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 18 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Cognitive
  • cross-lagged
  • observational
  • structural equation modelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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