Looking ahead at the effects of automation in an economy with matching frictions

Luís Guimarães, Pedro Mazeda Gil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
95 Downloads (Pure)


We look at how advances in AI and Robotics will affect employment in an economy with matching frictions and endogenous job destruction. In the model, tasks can be produced by workers or by machines. Workers have a comparative advantage in producing advanced tasks but machines tend to catch up with labor, leading to automation. To calibrate the model, we rely on predictions in the literature about the expected share of automated jobs due to AI and Robotics. Our model suggests that these technological innovations will raise job destruction but also job creation because the prospect of automating jobs increases the value of hiring workers. Therefore, long-run employment might fall but not massively. Furthermore, employment will likely rise if consumers value human interactions (human touch) as the relative price of labor tasks increases with widespread usage of machines. Regarding policy, we compare the outcomes of a robot tax with alternative policies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104538
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Economic Dynamics and Control
Early online date04 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


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