Low pressure methane solubility in lithium-ion batteries based solvents and electrolytes as a function of temperature. Measurement and prediction

Yvon Rodrigue Dougassa, Johan Jacquemin*, Loubna El Ouatani, Cecile Tessier, Meriem Anouti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The methane solubility in five pure electrolyte solvents and one binary solvent mixture for lithium ion batteries – such as ethylene carbonate (EC), propylene carbonate (PC), dimethyl carbonate (DMC), ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC), diethyl carbonate (DEC) and the (50:50 wt%) mixture of EC:DMC was studied experimentally at pressures close to atmospheric and as a function of temperature between (280 and 343) K by using an isochoric saturation technique. The effect of the selected anions of a lithium salt LiX (X = hexafluorophosphate,

&lt;img height="16" border="0" style="vertical-align:bottom" width="27" alt="View the MathML source" title="View the MathML source" src="http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0021961414002146-si1.gif"&gt;PF6-; tris(pentafluoroethane)trifluorurophosphate, FAP; bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, TFSI) on the methane solubility in electrolytes for lithium ion batteries was then investigated using a model electrolyte based on the binary mixture of EC:DMC (50:50 wt%) + 1 mol · dm−3 of lithium salt in the same temperature and pressure ranges. Based on experimental solubility data, the Henry’s law constant of the methane in these solutions were then deduced and compared together and with those predicted by using COSMO-RS methodology within COSMOthermX software. From this study, it appears that the methane solubility in each pure solvent decreases with the temperature and increases in the following order: EC < PC < EC:EMC (50:50 wt%) < DMC < EMC < DEC, showing that this increases with the van der Walls force in solution. Additionally, in all investigated EC:DMC (50:50 wt%) + 1 mol · dm−3 of lithium salt electrolytes, the methane solubility decreases also with the temperature and the methane solubility is higher in the electrolyte containing the LiFAP salt, followed by that based on the LiTFSI one. From the variation of the Henry’s law constants with the temperature, the partial molar thermodynamic functions of solvation, such as the standard Gibbs free energy, the enthalpy, and the entropy where then calculated, as well as the mixing enthalpy of the solvent with methane in its hypothetical liquid state. Finally, the effect of the gas structure on their solubility in selected solutions was discussed by comparing methane solubility data reported in the present work with carbon dioxide solubility data available in the same solvents or mixtures to discern the more harmful gas generated during the degradation of the electrolyte, which limits the battery lifetime.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Volume79
Early online date12 Jul 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Solubility
  • Methane
  • Lithium salt
  • Alkylcarbonate
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • CARBON-DIOXIDE
  • DIMETHYL CARBONATE
  • HYDROGEN-SULFIDE
  • PROPYLENE CARBONATE
  • DIETHYL CARBONATE
  • ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITORS
  • ETHYLENE CARBONATE
  • ANODIC STABILITY
  • NONPOLAR GASES
  • SALT

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