Low-Temperature Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx with n-Octane Using Solvent-Free Mechanochemically Prepared Ag/Al2O3 Catalysts

U. Kamolphop, J.P. Breen, R. Burch, S. Chansai, C. Hardacre, S.L. James, J.J. Delgado, S. Hengrasmee, Rebecca Taylor

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Abstract

Low-temperature (<200 degrees C) hydrocarbon selective catalytic reduction of NOx has been achieved for the first time in the absence of hydrogen using a solvent-free mechanochemically prepared Ag/Al2O3 catalyst. Catalysts prepared by this ball-milling method show a remarkable increase in activity for the reduction of nitrogen oxides with octane by lowering the light-off temperature by up to 150 degrees C compared with a state-of-the-art 2 wt %Ag/Al2O3 catalyst prepared by wet impregnation. The best catalyst prepared from silver oxide showed 50% NOx conversion at 240 degrees C and 99%, at 302 degrees C. The increased activity is not due to an increased surface area of the support, but may be associated with a change in.the'defeet structure of the alumina surface, leading to the formation of the small silver clusters necessary for the activation of the octane without leading to total combustion. On the other hand, since one possible role of hydrogen is to remove inhibiting species from the silver, we cannot exclude some change in the chemical properties of the silver as a result of the ball-milling treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1257-1262
Number of pages6
JournalACS Catalysis
Volume1
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07 Oct 2011

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