LS 4825: A blue supergiant on the far side of the galaxy

R.S.I. Ryans, Philip Dufton, Francis Keenan, Stephen Smartt, K.R. Sembach, D.J. Lennon, K.A. Venn

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Abstract

We present high-resolution spectroscopic observations of LS 4825, a V = 12 B-type star in the Galactic center direction. On the basis of its stellar and interstellar spectra, we infer that it is likely to be a young supergiant at a distance of 21 +/- 5 kpc, and hence lying on the far side of the 'Galaxy. Adopting this hypothesis, a differential abundance analysis shows LS 4825 to have a chemical composition that is consistent with local B-type supergiants. These observations therefore represent the first detailed investigation of a star on the far side of the Galactic center. We trace multiple interstellar components in Ca II K and Na I D spectra, with velocities -206 less than or equal to v(lst) less than or equal to +93 km s(-1). We consider the likely origin of this gas and find that some components appear to trace matter lying close to the Galactic center. We discuss the possible use of such sight lines in furthering our understanding both of the nature of gas around the Galactic center and of the abundance gradient of the Galaxy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-272
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume490
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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    Ryans, R. S. I., Dufton, P., Keenan, F., Smartt, S., Sembach, K. R., Lennon, D. J., & Venn, K. A. (1997). LS 4825: A blue supergiant on the far side of the galaxy. Astrophysical Journal, 490, 267-272.