Lumped-Element Wilkinson Power Combiners using Reactively-Compensated Star/Delta Coupled Coils in 28 nm Bulk CMOS

Matthew Love, Mury Thian, Floris van der Wilt, Koen van Hartingsveldt, Kave Kianush

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Abstract

This paper presents four compact lumped-element Wilkinson power combiners (WPC) operating at 5 GHz in 28-nm bulk CMOS. To minimize the chip area, the inductances in the designs are implemented using mutually coupled coils. Two designs use star inverting coupled coils (SICC), while the other two employ delta noninverting coupled coils (DNICC). One of the two SICC-based designs (and similarly for the DNICC-based designs) incorporates a second harmonic (2f 0 ) trap to lower the total harmonic distortion and reduce the required inductances by 25%, further reducing the circuits footprint. A design methodology for effectively exploiting the mutual coupling and nullifying the coupling parasitics is presented. The coupling parasitic in the DNICC-based design is exploited to provide the WPC isolation resistance, resulting in a lumped-element WPC requiring only three components: a coupled coil and two capacitors. The measurement and simulation results are presented to confirm the theory validity. The SICC-based WPC with an area of 0.13 mm 2 achieved input return losses (RL) >17.5 dB, output RL > 11.8 dB, isolation >11.2 dB, and insertion losses (IL) <1.5 dB across 3.5–5.4-GHz frequency range. Its variant with a 2f 0 trap achieved, from 3.5–5.35 GHz, input RL >18.2 dB, output RL >11.6 dB, isolation >11 dB, IL <1.4 dB, and peak 2f 0 rejection of 18 dB at 10.2 GHz in an area of 0.13 mm 2 .The DNICC-based WPC with an area of 0.11 mm 2 achieved input RL and isolation >10 dB, output RL >15.3 dB, and IL <1.2 dB across 4.1–5.45-GHz frequency range. Its variant with a 2f 0 trap achieved, from 4.3–5.3 GHz, input RL and isolation >10.1 dB, output RL >14.6, IL <1.2 dB, and peak 2f 0 rejection of 23 dB at 10.4 GHz in an area of 0.09 mm 2 .
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Early online date12 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2019

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