Limestone and coffee waste were used during the wet co-granulation process for the production of efficient adsorbents to be used in the removal of anionic and cationic dyes. The adsorbents were characterized using different analytical techniques such as XRD, SEM, FTIR, organic elemental analysis, the nitrogen adsorption method, with wettability, strength and adsorption tests. The adsorption capacity of granules was determined by removal of methylene blue (MB) and orange II (OR) from single and mixed solutions. In the mixed solution, co-granules removed 100% of MB and 85% of OR. The equilibria were established after 6 and 480 h for MB and OR, respectively.
- coffee waste
Iakovleva, E., Sillanpaa, M., Maydannik, P., Liu, J. T., Allen, S., Albadarin, A. B., & Mangwandi, C. (2017). Manufacturing of novel low-cost adsorbent: Co-granulation of limestone and coffee waste. Journal of Environmental Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.05.039