Many-body theory calculations of positronic-bonded molecular dianions

J. P. Cassidy*, J. Hofierka, B. Cunningham, D. G. Green*

*Corresponding author for this work

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The energetic stability of positron-dianion systems [A-; e+; A-] is studied via many-body theory, where A- includes H-, F-, Cl-, and the molecular anions (CN)- and (NCO)-. Specifically, the energy of the system as a function of ionic separation is determined by solving the Dyson equation for the positron in the field of the two anions using a positron-anion self-energy as constructed in Hofierka et al. [Nature 606, 688 (2022)] that accounts for correlations, including polarization, screening, and virtual-positronium formation. Calculations are performed for a positron interacting with H22-, F22-, and Cl22- and are found to be in good agreement with previous theory. In particular, we confirm the presence of two minima in the potential energy of the [H-; e+; H-] system with respect to ionic separation: a positronically bonded [H-; e+; H-] local minimum at ionic separations r ∼ 3.4 Å and a global minimum at smaller ionic separations r ≲ 1.6 Å that gives overall instability of the system with respect to dissociation into a H2 molecule and a positronium negative ion, Ps-. The first predictions are made for positronic bonding in dianions consisting of molecular anionic fragments, specifically for (CN)22- and (NCO)22-. In all cases, we find that the molecules formed by the creation of a positronic bond are stable relative to dissociation into A- and e+A- (positron bound to a single anion), with bond energies on the order of 1 eV and bond lengths on the order of several ångstroms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number084304
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number8
Early online date26 Feb 2024
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2024

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