Mass spectrometric methods were developed and validated for the analysis in chicken muscle of a range of antibiotic growth promoters: spiramycin, tylosin, virginiamycin and bacitracin, and separately for two marker metabolites of carbadox (quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid and 1,4-bisdesoxycarbadox), and a marker metabolite of olaquindox (3-methyl-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid). The use of these compounds as antibiotic growth promoters has been banned by the European Commission. This study aimed to develop methods to detect their residues in muscle samples as a means of checking for the use of these drugs during the rearing of broiler chickens. When fed growth-promoting doses for 6 days, spiramycin (31.4 mu g kg(-1)), tylosin (1.0 mu g kg(-1)), QCA (6.5 mu g kg(-1)), DCBX (71.2 mu g kg(-1)) and MQCA (0.2 mu g kg(-1)) could be detected in the muscle 0 days after the withdrawal of fortified feed. Only spiramycin could consistently be detected beyond a withdrawal period of 1 day. All analytes showed stability commercial cooking process, therefore raw or cooked muscle could be used for monitoring purposes.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health