Massive MIMO Systems with Hardware-Constrained Base Stations

Emil Björnson, Michail Matthaiou, Mérouane Debbah

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
262 Downloads (Pure)


Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems are cellular networks where the base stations (BSs) are equipped with unconventionally many antennas. Such large antenna arrays offer huge spatial degrees-of-freedom for transmission optimization; in particular, great signal gains, resilience to imperfect channel knowledge, and small inter-user interference are all achievable without extensive inter-cell coordination. The key to cost-efficient deployment of large arrays is the use of hardware-constrained base stations with low-cost antenna elements, as compared to today's expensive and power-hungry BSs. Low-cost transceivers are prone to hardware imperfections, but it has been conjectured that the excessive degrees-of-freedom of massive MIMO would bring robustness to such imperfections. We herein prove this claim for an uplink channel with multiplicative phase-drift, additive distortion noise, and noise amplification. Specifically, we derive a closed-form scaling law that shows how fast the imperfections increase with the number of antennas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages3142 - 3146
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2014
EventIEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing 2014 - Florence, Italy
Duration: 19 May 2014 → …


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing 2014
Abbreviated titleICASSP 2014
Period19/05/2014 → …
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Published at IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2014), 5 pages, 3 figures


  • cs.IT
  • math.IT


Dive into the research topics of 'Massive MIMO Systems with Hardware-Constrained Base Stations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this