Massive MIMO with Multi-Antenna Users under Jointly Correlated Ricean Fading

Konstantinos Dovelos*, Michalis Matthaiou, Hien-Quoc Ngo, Boris Bellalta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)
169 Downloads (Pure)


We study the uplink performance of massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) when users are equipped with multiple antennas. To this end, we consider a generalized channel model that accounts for line-of-sight propagation and spatially correlated multipath fading. Most importantly, we employ the Weichselberger correlation model, which has been shown to alleviate the deficiencies of the popular Kronecker model. The main contribution of this paper is a rigorous closed-form expression for the uplink spectral efficiency using maximum-ratio combining and minimum mean square error channel estimation. Our result is a non-trivial generalization of previous results on massive MIMO with spatially correlated channels, thereby enabling us to have suitable designs for future massive MIMO systems. Numerical simulations corroborate our analysis and provide useful insights on how different propagation conditions affect system performance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC): Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1550-3607
ISSN (Electronic)1938-1883


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