Measurements of enthalpy of sublimation of Ne, N2, O2, Ar, CO2, Kr, Xe, and H2O using a double paddle oscillator

Hamza Shakeel, Haoyan Wei, JM Pomeroy

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Abstract

We report precise experimental values of the enthalpy of sublimation (ΔHSΔHS) of quenched We report precise experimental values of the enthalpy of sublimation (ΔHSΔHS) of quenched condensed films of neon (Ne), nitrogen (N2), oxygen (O2), argon (Ar), carbon dioxide (CO2), krypton (Kr), xenon (Xe), and water (H2O) vapour using a single consistent measurement platform. The experiments are performed well below the triple point temperature of each gas and fall in the temperature range where existing experimental data is very limited. A 6 cm2 and 400 µm thick double paddle oscillator (DPO) with high quality factor (Q ≈ 4 ×105 at 298 K) and high frequency stability (33 parts per 10-9) is utilized for the measurements. The enthalpies of sublimation are derived by measuring the rate of mass loss during temperature programmed desorption. The mass change is detected due to change in the resonance frequency of the self-tracking oscillator. Our measurements typically remain within 10% of the available literature, theory, and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Web Thermo Tables (WTT) values, but are performed using an internally consistent method across different gases.condensed films of neon (Ne), nitrogen (N2), oxygen (O2), argon (Ar), carbon dioxide (CO2), krypton (Kr), xenon (Xe), and water (H2O) vapour using a single consistent measurement platform. The experiments are performed well below the triple point temperature of each gas and fall in the temperature range where existing experimental data is very limited. A 6 cm2 and 400 µm thick double paddle oscillator (DPO) with high quality factor (Q ≈ 4 ×105 at 298 K) and high frequency stability (33 parts per 10-9) is utilized for the measurements. The enthalpies of sublimation are derived by measuring the rate of mass loss during temperature programmed desorption. The mass change is detected due to change in the resonance frequency of the self-tracking oscillator. Our measurements typically remain within 10% of the available literature, theory, and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Web Thermo Tables (WTT) values, but are performed using an internally consistent method across different gases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-138
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Volume118
Early online date15 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Enthalpy of sublimation; neon; nitrogen; oxygen; argon; carbon dioxide; krypton; xenon and water; double paddle oscillator

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