Mechanical Properties, Water Absorption, and Chemical Resistance of Napier Grass Fiber Strand–Reinforced Epoxy Resin Composites

V.P. Kommula, K. Obi Reddy, Mukul Shukla, Tshilidzi Marwala, A.Varada Rajulu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Napier grass fiber strands were used as reinforcement to obtain composites with epoxy resin as matrix. To improve the surface, these fiber strands were treated with alkali solution. The composites were prepared by means of hand lay-up molding, then the effects of Napier grass fiber strand loading on mechanical properties such as tensile, flexural and impact, interfacial bonding, and chemical resistance were investigated. The composite with 20 wt.% Napier grass fiber strands gives excellent mechanical properties and chemical resistance, showing that it has the best bonding and adhesion of the composites. SEM micrographs of fractured and worn surfaces clearly demonstrate the interfacial adhesion between fiber and matrix. Alkali-treated Napier grass fiber strand–reinforced composites have better resistance to water and chemicals than the untreated fiber strand composites. © 2014, Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-708
JournalInternational Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization
Volume19
Issue number8
Early online date11 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

cited By 4

Keywords

  • Mechanical properties, Alkali treatment
  • Fiber composite
  • Grass fiber
  • Reinforced epoxy, Electron microscopy

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